Traffic Rules and Environmental Conditions in Kattegat and the Sound Regarding Changes Planned for 2020

Authors

  • A. Kerbrat Maritime University of Gdynia, Faculty of Navigation, Department of Navigation, al. Jana Pawła II 3, 81-345 Gdynia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26408/107.04

Keywords:

Danish waters, Kattegat, Sund, ships' routeing, safety of navigation

Abstract

This paper describes presently applied sailing rules and environmental conditions on Danish waters such as Kattegat and the Sund. Those rules were established in late 70’s of the twentieth century by Danish authorities as Denmark is a coastal country and has the legal right to do so. Presently International Maritime Organization – IMO is in the process of approving a new set of routeing measures and traffic separation schemes which should comply with resolution A.257(14) – General provisions on ships’ routeing, and will be introduced by Organization.

References

IMO, 1985, International Maritime Organization, A. 572(14) – General provisions on ships' routeing (with later amendments).

[2] IMO, 2005, International Maritime Organization, MEPC. 136(53) – Designation of the Baltic Sea as a particularly sensitive sea area.

[3] IMO, 2017a, International Maritime Organization, NCSR 5/3/3 – Routeing measures and mandatory ship reporting system. General overview for establishment of traffic separation scheme and other routeing measures in the vicinity of Kattegat between Denmark and Sweden.

[4] IMO, 2017b, International Maritime Organization, NCSR 5/3/4 – Routeing measures and mandatory ship reporting system. Establishment of traffic separation schemes and associated routeing measures in the vicinity of Kattegat between Denmark and Sweden.

[5] IMO, 2017c, International Maritime Organization, NCSR 5/3/5 – Routeing measures and mandatory ship reporting system. Establishment of deep-water routes, recommended routes and precautionary area in the vicinity of Kattegat between Denmark and Sweden.

[6] IMO, 2017d, International Maritime Organization, Ships’ Routeing 2017 Edition, Part B: I/19, I/20; Part C: I/1, I/2, I/3; Part G: I/3, I/4, London.

[7] SOLAS 1974, 2015, Międzynarodowa konwencja o bezpieczeństwie życia na morzu, Tekst jednolity, Prawidło 10, PRS, Gdańsk.

[8] SOLAS 1974, 2015, Międzynarodowa konwencja o bezpieczeństwie życia na morzu, Tekst jednolity, Prawidło 11, PRS, Gdańsk.

[9] The Danish Maritime Authority & The Danish Maritime Safety Administration, 2011, Navigation through Danish Waters, http://frv.dk/SiteCollectionDocuments/pdf/NtDW.pdf, (access August 2018).

[10] United Kingdom Hydrographic Office, 2015, NP 18 – Admiralty Sailing Directions, Baltic Pilot, vol. I, Tauton, Somerset, NtM 37/18.

[11] United Kingdom Hydrographic Office, 2016, Nautical Chart 1301, “Kattegat North”, Scale 1:200 000, NtM 37/18.

[12] United Kingdom Hydrographic Office, 2016, Nautical Chart 1302, Kattegat South, Scale 1:200 000, NtM 37/18.

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Published

2018-04-30

How to Cite

Kerbrat, A. (2018). Traffic Rules and Environmental Conditions in Kattegat and the Sound Regarding Changes Planned for 2020. Scientific Journal of Gdynia Maritime University, (107), 59–71. https://doi.org/10.26408/107.04

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Section

Articles