Study of Ship Accident Factors and Ship Routes Correlation


  • S. Iskandar Surabaya Sailing Polytechnic, Gunung Anyar Boulevard Street, No.1 Surabaya
  • S. Hasugian Surabaya Sailing Polytechnic, Gunung Anyar Boulevard Street, No.1 Surabaya
  • S. Fatimah Surabaya Sailing Polytechnic, Gunung Anyar Boulevard Street, No.1 Surabaya



ship accidents, accident factors, Pearson Product Moment correlation


The sailing safety was a very important issue that had to be solved in Indonesia. There were accidents causing victims and material losses caused by ship operator’s ignorance and less awareness on safety. The ship operator was responsible for technical matters and to guide human resources. The aim was to map the correlation between ship accident causes and particular routes. The research used the Pearson Product Moment correlation trial to map correlation between accident events to particular routes. The data used was decision report of shipping court published in 2015–2016. Then, the causes were grouped and the result showed that human factor is the main factor of accident. The accident factor had the high correlation with the location where the accident happened.


Akten, N. 2006, Shipping Accidents: A Serious Threat for Marine Environment, Journal of the Black Sea Mediterranean Environment, s. 269–304.

[2] Badan Diklat Perhubungan, 2000, Personal Survival Techniques, Jakarta, Indonesia.

[3] Government Rule on Seafarer, 2000, no. 07.

[4] IMO, 2010, International Maritime Organization, Adoption of the Final Act in any Instruments, Resolutions, and Recommendations Resulting from the Work of the Conference, http://www. Element/ TrainingCertification/Documents/34.pdf.

[5] International Chamber of Shipping, 1998, Bridge Procedure Guide, 3rd ed., Marisec Publications, London.

[6] ITS & World Bank, 2012, Connectivity Report on Domestic Sea Transport, World Bank, Jakarta, Indonesia.

[7] Kurniawan, F., 2017, Frendy Kurniawan, Diambil kembali dari Kumparan, frendy-kurniawan/jejak-kecelakaan-kapal-2010-2016 (accessed on 20 February 2017).

[8] Mahkamah Pelayaran, 2017, Kumpulan Putusan 2016, Diambil kembali dari Mahkamah Pelayaran: /2016/ (accessed on 20 February 2017).

[9] Ministry of Transportation Regulation, 2016, Ministry of Transportation Regulation about sea sailing and construction or installation, no. 129.

[10] Rasmussen, J., 1986, Information Processing and Human-Machine Interaction: An Approach to Cognitive Engineering, Elsevier Science.Inc, New york.

[11] Sailing Legislation of Indonesian Republic, 2008, no. 17, Clause 245.

[12] Schaaf, V.D., 1992. Near Miss Reporting in the Chemical Process Industry, Eindhoven University. Eindhoven, The Netherlands.

[13] Ship Safety Management in Ministry of Transportation, 2012, no. 45.

[14] Stopford, M., 2009. Maritime Economics, 3rd ed., Routledge, New York.

[15] Talley, W.K., Jin, D., Kite-Powell, H., 2005, Determinants of crew injuries in vessel accidents, Maritime Policy and Management, vol. 32, no. 3, s. 263–278.

[16] Walpole, R.E., 1995, Pengantar Statistika. Edisi ke-3, Gramedia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

[17] (accessed on 29 October 2018).




How to Cite

Iskandar, S., Hasugian, S., & Fatimah, S. (2018). Study of Ship Accident Factors and Ship Routes Correlation. Scientific Journal of Gdynia Maritime University, (107), 40–58.